Recherche Carnet de chercheur


Cette rubrique accueille les notes de recherche des chercheurs associés et des professeurs invités par la Fondation France-Japon de l'EHESS.

Japan-EU diplomatic dialogue in historical perspective

During the Cold War years, the bipolar system that resulted in the Japanese-European response was definitely the systemic variable. In the pure realist anarchy, especially related to the first bipolar phase, the transpacific axis became, in fact, the expression of a bilateralism within which high political issues were gradually (...)

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New innovation policies in science based economy era: Empirical analysis by linked dataset of scientific papers, patents and firm level financial data

Use of genetic engineering in pharmaceutical R&D, quantum physics in semiconductor fabrication process and nanotechnology as a source of new material in chemical and metal products industries (...).

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Toshiaki TANAKA
A study of new technologies of personal mobility and robot suit for the elderly and persons with disabilities.
Life innovation is a growth-driving industry that supports the medical, nursing and health-related industries of Japan, the world leader in longevity. Using life innovation to develop new service and manufacturing industries should enable the construction of a sustainable social security system tailored to Japan’s future super-aged society(...)

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Ulrich VOLZ
Japanese Monetary and Exchange Rate Policy and the Hollowing-out of Japanese Industry
A strong yen—endaka (円高) in Japanese—has repeatedly cause distress among Japanese policymakers and manufacturers. Since the demise of the Bretton Woods system in 1971, the yen has seen several episodes of strong appreciation (...).

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Naoko ABE
How can we understand the differences between France and Japan in the growth of shared mobility services? The paradox of trust and its social construction.

The new mobility services based on “sharing” (car-sharing or carpooling) are booming in both France and Japan. This phenomenon is clearly linked with an expansion of the new socio-economic style called the cooperative economy (...)

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Concentration unipolaire à Tokyo et l’émergence du discours régionaliste du Kansaï

La concentration socioéconomique autour de Tokyo se poursuit au Japon. Cette tendance est même accélérée depuis l’époque postindustrielle, contrairement à la théorie estimant qu’elle s’apaiserait avec la fin de l’exode rural (Toffler 1980). (...)

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Implications of the effective lower bound on nominal interest rates in the Japanese economy
As it is well known, the Japanese economy has been stuck in a liquidity trap for more than two decades. After the collapse of the bubble economy in the late 1980s, the Bank of Japan lowered its target for the uncollateralized overnight call rate to 0.5% in 1995.(...)

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Enquête ethnographique sur le modèle familial des migrants japonais en France
(...) l’objectif de mon travail doctoral consiste à analyser les rapports sociaux de genre dans la famille japonaise contemporaine, notamment la persistance du patriarcat dans la vie courante des Japonais(...)

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Inter-firm Division of Labor in the Japanese Auto Industry at a Crossroads:
Where Have Some (not All) Keiretsu Gone?

Since Coase’s (1937) seminal work, many researchers in a variety of fields, including economics, sociology, and management, have addressed how the boundaries of the firm are determined and why...

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Hidetada HIGASHI

Cognition, Resource Allocation, and Organizational Change of Automotive OEMs against the Innovative Power Train

This research aims to describe the diversifying patterns of automotive OEMs’ behavior against the innovation of new powertrain (...).

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Elucidating the driving forces of the dietary transition and its impact on environment: A case study of consumption patterns of edible fats and oils in France and Japan

Modern world has experienced a dramatic transformation of its dietary habits in accordance with economic growth and globalization (...).

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Métropole de l'endroit et métropole de l'envers. Décroissance urbaine, vieillissement et mobilités dans les périphéries de l'aire métropolitaine d'Osaka.
Ma recherche doctorale est centrée sur une analyse de l’évolution du peuplement, de l’aménagement et du fonctionnement des banlieues (mot qui traduit ici la notion de kōgai) des aires métropolitaines japonaises depuis la fin de la bulle et la Décennie perdue (1991-2002).

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How relevant is Japan's economic experience
to advanced economies?

How relevant is Japan economic history over the past twenty-five years to understand the current challenges faced by other advanced economies? Scholars are sharply divided about the relevance of Japan's experience to America or Europe. (…)

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My doctoral research explores the evolution of disability policies, in a French-Japanese comparative perspective, focusing on the field of education. The fieldwork conducted in Japan has been made possible thanks to a JSPS fellowship.

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Kashiko KODATE et Naonori KODATE

Women in Science and Engineering

At Davos in January 2014, Prime Minister Abe stated that ‘Japan should be the place that gives women the opportunity to shine. Thirty per cent of leadership positions should be occupied by women by 2020’. Japan finally seo embrace an increasingly global and competitive environment.

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Formation process of Japanese consumers' inflation expectations

Despite its theoretical importance, measuring inflation expectations in a precise manner is not an easy task as inflation expectation is subjective and varies significantly among agents. In Japan, policymakers have been inquiring with both consumers and firms about their expectations through surveys.
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Japan in War and Empire: Challenges for Historical
and Comparative Welfare State Research from
mid-20th centuryJapanese Welfare State Development

Histories of the Japanese welfare state commonly situate its origins during the period of high economic growth of the mid-1960s (...)
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This study is concerned with the relation between language and national identity in contemporary Japan, in particular the manner in which visions of ‘Japaneseness’ are expressed and reproduced through the display of public attitudes (...)

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Japan has recently attracted substantial international interest with regards to its engagement in biomedical innovation. Until the mid 2000s, the country had attracted limited interest, but (...)

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Economic Crises and Policy Regimes

For more than two decades, developed countries have witnessed massive job losses, lowered wages, slow (sometimes negative) economic growth and widening inequality under governments—left or right—that have implemented similar neoliberal policies (...)

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Japan’s practice of so-called lifetime employment is well known. This system arose out of labour unrest in the early post-war years and was the result of both collective bargaining and recognition by bureaucratic and corporate leaders that Japan needed to secure a committed workforce and a stable labour market if it was to pursue long-term economic growth. (...)
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Kimiko TERAI


Japan’s accumulated public debt is over twice its GDP; this figure is high compared to that of other developed countries. In the 1980s, Japan’s public debt was not substantial. Nevertheless, the country’s public debt grew rapidly in the 1990s, while other major developed countries were engaged in fiscal consolidation from the late 1990s onwards.
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Even if the economy starts to recover and corporate earnings pick up, that will do little to help the average person if not accompanied by higher wages and salaries. Indeed, if it simply indicates that higher prices are lifting the economy out of a deflationary spell, all it would mean for most people is that times are soon to get even tougher.
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Towards an Immigration State? Japan's Immigration Policy

In recent months, the Japanese cabinet and important affiliated advisory committees are discussing a more active immigration policy and the acceptance of more foreign workers in order to boost Japan's long-term economic growth. If these proposals are realized, they would mark another important step of Japan from an immigration country to an immigration state.
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Ever since Abe Shinzo’s Liberal Democratic Party returned to power in December 2012, there has been a lively debate over whether Japan is shifting to the right. While some contend that he is a pragmatist determined to pursue the three arrows of Abenomics, others point to his long record of revisionist statements and deeds before, during, and after his earlier stint as prime minister of Japan as proof that he is a ‘conviction’ politician with extreme nationalistic views.
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Yoichi MINE

Preventing violent conflict in Africa

Après la fin de la Guerre Froide, l’Afrique a été secouée par une série de violents conflits, dont le génocide du Rwanda, les terribles guerres civiles et tragédies humaines dans des pays comme la RDC, le Libéria, la Sierra Léone, la Côte d’Ivoire, la Somalie, le Soudan et d’autres régions du continent.

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EU-Japan relations – past, present and future

On March 25, the EU and Japan officially launched the start of negotiations for a free trade agreement (FTA). What can we expect? The answer to this question warrants an assessment of the evolution and present state of EU-Japan relations (...)

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Yoshimichi SATO

Persistent inequality between regular and non-regular workers in Japan

We observe the increase in the share of non-regular workers in the labor market in Japan. The percentage of female non-regular workers is over 50% as of 2010, and that of their male counterparts is approaching 20%. If there were no inequality between regular and non-regular workers, this increase would not cause any problem. However (...)

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The policies for people with disabilities in France and Japan have experienced a very big change through the 2000s. The Council Directive 2000/78/EC which was enacted on 27 November 2000 established a general framework for equal treatment in employment and occupation (...)
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Globalization and labour market in SUMO wrestling

(...) To take an interesting example of Sumo labour market, here I attempt to explore impact of globalization in Japan. In general, Sumo wrestling is regarded as a traditional fighting sport in Japan and has been popular since the 18th century. Due to the national isolation policy, Sumo wrestlers consisted of Japanese. However, after World War II, Sumo has become globalized (...)

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Tadashi YAGI

The Essence of Creative Economy
As Pink (2005) insisted in his book, our economy is moving from the “Information Age” to a “Conceptual Age” where creativity, innovation, empathy, and a holistic view will be rewarded with value gains in the market (...)

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An Output Fall during Political-Economic Transition:
The Case of Japan

Why does an extensive reform of a national political-economic system invite temporary, and often substantial, loss of economic output? This question was initially raised in relation to the transition between capitalism and socialism/communism (...)                               

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Is Japanese white collar workers' loyalty really high? : Comparison Among Japan, France and the United States

In the mid-1980’s when the Japanese economy manifested significant growth, Western countries mocked Japanese businessmen who worked flat-out for their companies by calling them “worker bees". Initially, the concept of employees working self-sacrificingly for an organization was peculiar to Japan. (...)
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Expectations were that after Fukushima, Japan’s energy policy would change drastically and rapidly, but its reform has proceeded slowly despite its urgency in public policy agenda. This is in stark contrast to Germany which hammered out a detailed energy reform agenda including nuclear phase-out only a few months after Fukushima. (...)

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Two faces of patent value - How can we evaluate the patent value and what affects it?
There is an ever-increasing concern for innovation also in Japan. Is Japan losing a part of its innovation capacity?
Actually, some leading companies such as Sony and Panasonic are facing increasing difficulties. Manufacturing in Japan as a percent of GDP has been in steady decline (...)
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(27/10/ 2012)

Japan’s labor market and the rise in unemployment since 1990

Unemployment is statistically defined as a situation in which persons are not in, can immediately engage in, and are seeking paid employment or self-employment. In Japan, the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communication’s Labour Force Survey classifies the population aged 15 years and above into three categories(...)                                                                                                                    
Teruyama Hiroshi  

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Reinhard DRIFTE

La politique étrangère du Japon : Réalisme réticent ou passivité d'un pays en déclin ?

Japan's foreign policy seems to show two conflicting tendencies: On the one hand we find indications for an increasingly assertive policy, but at the same time there are signs of a weaker and less active policy. Among the indications for the former, one can mention Japan`s quest for a permanent UN Security Council seat, a stronger stance against China in the territorial conflict in the East China Sea, (...)

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Innovation and profitability problems in the Japanese electronics industry

The electronics industry is critical when considering Japan's competitiveness, because it has driven the Japanese economy, along with steel and automotive manufacturing, providing larger market opportunities and job creation (...)
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Philippe MOSSE
 (09/11/ 2011) 

Comparing Hospitals and Nurses in Japan and France


Hospital systems throughout the developed world are undergoing waves of reform which seek to address multiple challenges of intensifying acuity, such as population ageing, technological advance, heightened expectations on the part of increasingly informed patients, the reduction of public spending deficits (...)

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The Economic Impact of the Tohoku Earthquake

Franz Waldenberger
On March 11, 2011 one of the strongest earthquakes ever measured occurred 130 km off the coast of Japan’s main island Honshu. Its intensity was 1,400 times stronger than that of the Kobe earthquake in 1995. The earthquake triggered a number of tsunami (...) Jens Eilker
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Japan Invests in Asian Regionalism

The idea of Asian regionalism is in vogue, and has affected the tenor of Japan’s foreign economic policies. As the intra-regional trade shares of ten East Asian nations were estimated to be around 51 percent by the early 2000s, ahead of the NAFTA countries but behind the European Union ones, Asian economic regionalism seemed a fact in progress (...)

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Stability and Instability in Japanese Politics: Explaining Prime Ministerial Turnover

For some years now, it has been common to analyse Japanese politics in terms of relative instability. I say “relative” because plainly there are important countries whose politics are far more unstable than the politics of Japan, but nevertheless in Japan there are significant indicators of instability (...)

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Measures to Address Current Youth Labor Market Issues

“The crisis of youth” (wakamono kiki). This was the cover story in an issue of the Japanese news magazine Tōyō Keizai in early 2009. The magazine cover showed a grim-faced young Japanese man in a business suit. Inside the magazine, statistics and stories of Japanese young people’s difficult employment situation (...)

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Takehiko KARIYA

Can expanded opportunities of university education help Japanese youth transition to work?

The emergence of a global knowledge-based economy has given rise to drastic changes in both higher education and employment. On one hand, governments in advanced societies have launched policies to expand higher education to compete internationally in educating and attracting highly skilled workers. (...) 
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Claude MEYER

Les relations Chine-Japon.
Dialectique de la domination économique et de la puissance stratégique

En septembre 2010, il a suffi d’un incident naval apparemment mineur pour déclencher entre la Chine et le Japon une crise diplomatique aigüe avec suspension de contacts à haut niveau et embargo chinois sur les exportations de terres rares vers le Japon. Ces tensions récurrentes sur fond de contentieux historique (...)

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Risky Business?: the discursive politics of ‘family risks’ in twenty-first century Japan

The Clash’s 1981 hit song, Should I Stay or Should I Go Now?, is about a troubled love affair. Or more precisely, the drive of the song stems from an acute dilemma: the anxiety and frustration involved in taking decisions about love. Should one continue or terminate a relationship? (...)
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The Senkaku/Diaoyutai Crisis of September 2010: How could a fishing incident escalate to a full-blown frontal shock between great powers?

A little over a year ago, the coming to power of the Democratic Power of Japan (DPJ) signaled a big shift in Japan’s foreign policy and in East Asian relations. (...)

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cornelia storzCornelia STORZ

Innovation and Emergence of New Industries: Is the Silicon Valley Model the Only Way?

Japan seems to have lost its competitiveness in innovation. Its poor performance in the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (a recognized industry measure) is offered as evidence of its obvious inability to give birth to new industries and has led to a growing pessimism about Japan’s competitiveness in the future. (...)

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The Global Financial Crisis and the Evolution of Corporate Governance in Japan

Japanese corporate governance practices were not a direct cause of the current financial crisis, which was triggered by the subprime loan problem as exogenous shocks. However, the global financial crisis is expected to have a significant impact on the evolution of corporate governance. (...)

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Naoki IkegamiNaoki IKEGAMI

Why does France spend much more than Japan for its healthcare system for equivalent results?

France and Japan share many features in their health care systems. In financing, both are based on the social health insurance (SHI) model, with contributions from employers and employees, but also subsidized by taxes. In delivery, both are a mix of public and private providers, (...)

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Towards an insurance for long-term care? What the French should learn from the Japanese, the German, and (a little less) from the American

Long-term care for frail older people is an increasingly significant policy issue in all advanced nations. Everywhere the number of old people who need assistance is increasingly rapidly, while social changes have decreased the ability of families to provide care on their own. (...)

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Takahiro FujimotoTakahiro FUJIMOTO

The Future of the Japanese Industries: an approach in term of Design-Based Comparative Advantage

The US financial crisis hit Toyota and other Japanese firms that depended heavily on the US economic-bubble-driven exports, and yen was appreciated during the same period. (...)

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Jun NishikawaJun NISHIKAWA

« Richesse des Nations et Bien-Être des Individus ». Une vision japonaise

Le gouvernement japonais a publié en mars 2010 les résultats d’un sondage sur le degré de Bonheur des Japonais. D’après ce sondage, effectué sur quatre mille personnes âgées de 15 à 89 ans, le degré de Bonheur ou Bonheur National Brut (BNB) atteindrait le chiffre peu brillant (...)
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Yuichiro Mizumachi (06/05/2010)

Le droit du travail au Japon: une clef du rapport salarial en transition

Le droit du travail japonais connaît une phase de transition depuis plusieurs années. Ainsi, par exemple, du point de vue du droit législatif, la loi du 12 mai 2004 a permis d’instaurer (...)

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Toru Yoshida (29/03/2010)

Retour sur l’alternance politique au Japon
« Vive l’alternance ! » s’écriait l’un des candidats du Parti Démocrate (PDJ, 民主党) lors des élections d’août 2009 au Japon. De fait, mise à part la brève interruption de 1993 à1994, c’est la première fois depuis 1955 que le Parti Libéral Démocrate (PLD, 自民党) cède sa place à un autre parti, en l’occurrence le Parti Démocrate. (...)
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Christian SAUTTERchristian sautter
Quelques commentaires sur la « vilaine dette japonaise »
L’agence de notation Standard & Poors a lancé un avertissement solennel au Japon : diminuez votre dette publique ou je dégrade votre notation (International Herald Tribune 27 janvier 2010). L’article évoque le « risque de défaut » et le renchérissement considérable du service de la dette qui résulterait d’une dégradation de la note des obligations de l’Etat japonais. (...)

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The 1990s in Japan and Lessons for the Current Financial Crisis

1. Crisis
What is the similarity between Japan’s crisis and the current financial crisis?
Both crises were severe recessions that followed the collapse of asset-price bubbles and both bubbles emerged in real estate markets. (...)

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