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30 novembre 2022

INNOVCARE - 2nd cycle of webinars

Webinar n°2

Rising life expectancy and ageing populations are a major challenge for our societies. A key issue is care for elderly people who are experiencing a loss of autonomy. While the contribution of technology in this field (especially robotics, artificial intelligence, and information and communication technology) is recognised as a solution, this contribution is also defined by certain limitations, now partly revealed by the COVID-19 crisis. Our hypothesis is that this is a structural problem related to the partial disconnect between social needs and technological solutions, itself tied to the dominant paradigm of innovation. Our project’s objective is to develop an alternative concept called care-driven innovation. Thanks to a multidisciplinary French- Japanese collaboration, we will thus analyse the policies and practices that put well-being at the centre of innovation.

  • 30 November 2022 | 9.00 - 11.00 (Paris time), 17.00 - 19.00 (Tokyo time)
  • Online
  • In English
  • Speakers: Quitterie Roquebert (Strasbourg University), Yasuhiro Nakanishi (Nara Medical University)

1-2 décembre 2022

International Symposium on Compliance for Algorithmic Law (SCALGO 2022)

Air Liquide/FFJ Workshop

Along with advances of artificial intelligence into society, a situation has emerged in which artificial intelligence is closely related to the real world and legal and ethical problems caused by artificial intelligence naturally occur. In particular, AI systems by which governments replace human officials (we call here “algorithmic law”) receives a critical concern since these decisions made by the AI system will be legally effective to enforce people. Along with frequent uses of such AI systems, algorithmic law will become a great matter for civil rights. Therefore, civil control of algorithmic law should be prepared urgently. To solve these problems, we request governments to expose program source of such AI systems to the public. However, there is a serious technical problem about this check of algorithmic law. Currently, analysis of software code is done manually. However, according to increasing number of such software, it would be very difficult to find a problem by human. For this reason, automatic compliance check of legal and ethical norms for algorithmic law should be investigated. In this symposium, we are discussing how we automate compliance check of norms for algorithmic law with interdisciplinary researchers from computer science, AI, standardization, law and ethics. The topics includes but not limited to:(1) Automatic mechanisms for compliance check of algorithmic law(2) How to extract information related with compliance from program source of algorithmic law(3) How to formalize abstract compliance norms.

  • 1 December 2022 | 13.00 - 19.00 (Paris Time), 21.00 - 3.00 (+1) (Tokyo time)
    2 December 2022 | 9.00 - 13.00 (Paris Time), 17.00 - 21.00 (Tokyo time)
  • Online and onsite: Bâtiment de recherche sud - Campus Condorcet 5, cours des Humanités 93300 Aubervilliers
  • In English
  • Speakers: Pablo Baquero (HEC), Georg Borgess (Saaland University), Gauvain Bourgne (Sorbonne University), Randy Goebel (University of Alberta), Raphael Gyori (Université Libre de Bruxelles), Joost Joosten (University of Barcelona), Anelia Kurteva (University of Delft), Gregory Lewkowicz (Université Libre de Bruxelles), Hugo Lopez (Technical University of Denmark), David Restrepo Amariles (HEC Paris), Ken Satoh (National Institute of Informatics), Bart Verheij (University of Groningen)
With the support of Air Liquide and the National Institute of Informatics.

6 décembre 2022

Variety of Financialization and Central Banks

FFJ-Banque de France Workshop

This workshop examines the links between the types of financialization and politics associated with monetary policy choices of central banks. The shape of financialization, where expanding size and importance of financial sector in the overall economy among the wealthy countries, varies among countries. Such variation arises from multiple sources including the institutional differences, interaction between the financial sector and non-financial corporations, as well as choice of household finances. Central banks’ monetary policy, particularly its asset purchase decisions takes into consideration of politics of financialization as well as the opposite forces demanding correcting income inequality. By comparing the cases of Japan with European economies, the project seeks to identify how central bank policies are affected by the different types of financialization and distribution/redistribution considerations.

The workshop gathers European experts on financialization and central banking. We will investigate the relationship between the type of financialization and how asset purchases have been conducted by national central banks and the European Central Banks during the recession of the 2010s and under the Covid crisis. At the same time, such support for the “haves” also leads to political backlash and calls for more serious distribution and redistribution policies.

The event will provide an opportunity to present the findings on the Does Inequality Matter? report for Japan and stimulate discussion on what are the perceptions, definitions and experiences of inequality in Japan. This discussion will be supported by the most recent data on inequality in income and wealth from the OECD Income and Wealth Distribution Databases and by research from JILPT.

  • 6 December 2022 | 14.00 - 16.00 (Paris Time)
  • On site: EHESS, 54 boulevard Raspail 75006 Paris, Room n°BS1_05
  • In English
  • Speakers: Sébastien Lechevalier (FFJ-EHESS), Bruno Cabrillac (Banque de France), Jeffrey Chwieroth (LSE), Manuela Moschella (Scuola Normale Superiore), Urszula Szczerbowicz (Banque de France), Natascha van der Zwan (Leiden University), Gabrielle Cheung (Brunel University London), Eric Monnet (EHESS), Saori Katada (the University of South California, FFJ-EHESS)
With the support of the Center for International Studies of the University of Southern California.

7 décembre 2022

Care-led innovation: The case of elderly care in France and Japan

INNOVCARE 2nd Annual Forum

The increase in human longevity and the ageing of the population constitute a major challenge for our societies. One of the key issues concerns the care of elderly people who are facing a loss of autonomy. In this field, if the contribution of technologies (such as robotics, artificial intelligence, information and communication technologies) is recognized as an answer, it is also marked by certain limits, partly revealed by the Covid-19 crisis. Our hypothesis is that this is a structural problem linked to the partial disconnection between social needs and technological responses, in connection with the dominant paradigm of innovation. The objective of the project is to develop an alternative concept of care-driven innovation. Through a multidisciplinary Franco-Japanese collaboration, we analyze policies and practices that make well-being the ultimate criterion for innovation.

  • 7 December 2022 | 9.30 - 17.30 (Paris time) | 17.30 - 01.30 (+1) (Tokyo time)
  • Online and on site: Centre des colloques - Campus Condorcet Place du Front populaire, 93300 Aubervilliers
  • In English
  • Speakers: Rachid Alami (CNRS), Dominique Argoud (Paris-Est Créteil University), Suzanne Brucksch (DIJ Tokyo), Pascal Dreyer (Leroy Merlin Source), Olivier Giraud (CNRS, CNAM), Anne-Marie Guillemard (University of Paris Cité), Christophe Humbert (Strasbourg University), Takamasa Iio (Doshisha University), Armelle Klein (Sciences Po), Jun Kurihara (The Canon Institute for Global Studies), Sébastien Lechevalier (EHESS-FFJ), Pascale Molinier (Université Sorbonne Paris Nord), Anne-Sophie Rigaud (Université Paris Cité and AP-HP), Jean-Marie Robine (INED, INSERM, EPHE), Ludovic Saint-Bauzel (Sorbonne University), Hélène Sauzéon (Bordeaux University), Katsunori Shimohara (Doshisha University), Taro Sugihara (Tokyo Institute of Technology), Yuko Tamaki (EHESS-ENS/CNRS), Simeng Wang (CNRS)
With the support of the Maison des Sciences de l'Homme Paris Nord, the Campus Condorcet and the Toshiba International Foundation (TIFO).

8 décembre 2022

Does Inequality Matter? How People Perceive Economic Disparities and Social Mobility in Japan

High-Level Roundtable organised by the OECD Centre on Well-being, Inclusion, Sustainability and Equal Opportunity (WISE) and the Japan Institute for Labour Policy and Training (JILPT)

Ensuring a strong and inclusive recovery to the COVID-19 crisis and addressing the looming challenges created by a rising cost of living and by geopolitical tensions will require policies and reforms that can tackle existing inequalities and promote equal opportunities as a foundation for future prosperity and social cohesion. However, ambitious reform packages on the scale needed to achieve this objective cannot be effectively implemented without widespread support from the public. To better understand what factors drive public support, the OECD report Does Inequality Matter? provides a detailed cross-country analysis of what people think about inequality and how their views shape the demand for redistributive policies.

The event will provide an opportunity to present the findings on the Does Inequality Matter? report for Japan and stimulate discussion on what are the perceptions, definitions and experiences of inequality in Japan. This discussion will be supported by the most recent data on inequality in income and wealth from the OECD Income and Wealth Distribution Databases and by research from JILPT.

  • 8 December 2022 | 16.00 - 18.00 (Tokyo time)
  • On site: Belle Salle Toranomon, Sumitomofudousan Toranomon Tower 2F, 2-2-1 Toranomon, Minato-ku, Tokyo (https://www.bellesalle.co.jp/shisetsu/roppongi/bs_toranomon)
  • In English
  • Discussion by Sébastien Lechevalier, Professor at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales and President of the Fondation France-Japon

This event is co-organized by OECD and The Japan Institute for Labour Policy and Training, in collaboration with FFJ.