Événements 2022


15 décembre 2022

Women in (Social) Sciences: Diversity Brings Creativity

3rd Meeting of the Cercle de la FFJ

Bringing together former visiting researchers, associate researchers, prize winners and close collaborators, the Cercle de la FFJ aims, on the one hand, to better promote the scientific excellence of its members as well as the rich and atypical collaborations that FFJ has been able to set up with them; and, on the other hand, to encourage interactions between its members, particularly with a view to the professional integration of future and young researchers. Chaired by Mrs Yuko Harayama (Professor Emeritus at Tohoku University) and Mr Bernard Delmas (Director of Nissan Motors), the Cercle de la FFJ gathers its members once a year in Tokyo. The Cercle published on FFJ website its Members List detailing their profile and their research projects.

9 décembre 2022

Can Robots Die? - FFJ-Air Liquide Workshop

Possibilities and Limitations of Animism in Human-Machine Relationships

Can robots die? The common-sense answer is that only things that were once alive can be called dead. But if the distinction life/non-life is binary, then machines have a similar binary opposition between ‘on’ and ‘off’ states. The aim of this workshop is to approach the question of the death of the robot/machine/object pragmatically; that is, by foregrounding ethnographic and phenomenological perspectives over conceptual and theoretical concerns. Questions about animism usually revolve around beliefs, concepts of life and how a sense of aliveness is nurtured. But in everyday life, we often act as if machines and robots do have agency, intentionality, consciousness or other indicators of ‘being alive', not in a consistent but in an ad-hoc manner. Furthermore, as Denis Vidal (2007) has shown in his work on “sub-anthropomorphism”, the threshold of meaningful interaction with a non-human entity may not be based on any discernible human quality at all. A meaningful distinction could thus be made between 'behavioural animism', the acting as-if something does have a life or personhood, and 'ideological animism', an elaborated system or cosmology in which inanimate objects are considered to be alive. The discipline of social robotics, especially as it has been developed in Japan, has provided a methodological framework to ask such questions pertaining to animism of a broader range of objects/contexts, specifically those beyond the strictly controlled environment of the laboratory. By focussing on the question of death rather than life, I hope that we can access the problem of life in a recursive manner.  
  •  9 December 2022 | 13.00 - 17.30 (France Time)
  • Online
  • Speakers: Joffrey Becker (Collège de France), Paul Dumouchel (Ritsumeikan University), Agnès Giard (Paris-Nanterre University), Fabio Gygi (FJJ-Air Liquide Fellow, University of London), Sébastien Lechevalier (EHESS-FFJ), Denis Vidal (IRD, EHESS)

8 décembre 2022

Does Inequality Matter? How People Perceive Economic Disparities and Social Mobility in Japan

High-Level Roundtable organised by the OECD Centre on Well-being, Inclusion, Sustainability and Equal Opportunity (WISE) and the Japan Institute for Labour Policy and Training (JILPT)

Ensuring a strong and inclusive recovery to the COVID-19 crisis and addressing the looming challenges created by a rising cost of living and by geopolitical tensions will require policies and reforms that can tackle existing inequalities and promote equal opportunities as a foundation for future prosperity and social cohesion. However, ambitious reform packages on the scale needed to achieve this objective cannot be effectively implemented without widespread support from the public. To better understand what factors drive public support, the OECD report Does Inequality Matter? provides a detailed cross-country analysis of what people think about inequality and how their views shape the demand for redistributive policies.

The event will provide an opportunity to present the findings on the Does Inequality Matter? report for Japan and stimulate discussion on what are the perceptions, definitions and experiences of inequality in Japan. This discussion will be supported by the most recent data on inequality in income and wealth from the OECD Income and Wealth Distribution Databases and by research from JILPT.

  • 8 December 2022 | 16.00 - 18.00 (Tokyo time)
  • On site: Belle Salle Toranomon, Sumitomofudousan Toranomon Tower 2F, 2-2-1 Toranomon, Minato-ku, Tokyo (https://www.bellesalle.co.jp/shisetsu/roppongi/bs_toranomon)
  • In English
  • Discussion by Sébastien Lechevalier, Professor at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales and President of the Fondation France-Japon

This event is co-organized by OECD and The Japan Institute for Labour Policy and Training, in collaboration with FFJ.

7 décembre 2022

Care-led innovation: The case of elderly care in France and Japan

INNOVCARE 2nd Annual Forum

The increase in human longevity and the ageing of the population constitute a major challenge for our societies. One of the key issues concerns the care of elderly people who are facing a loss of autonomy. In this field, if the contribution of technologies (such as robotics, artificial intelligence, information and communication technologies) is recognized as an answer, it is also marked by certain limits, partly revealed by the Covid-19 crisis. Our hypothesis is that this is a structural problem linked to the partial disconnection between social needs and technological responses, in connection with the dominant paradigm of innovation. The objective of the project is to develop an alternative concept of care-driven innovation. Through a multidisciplinary Franco-Japanese collaboration, we analyze policies and practices that make well-being the ultimate criterion for innovation.

  • 7 December 2022 | 9.30 - 17.30 (Paris time) | 17.30 - 01.30 (+1) (Tokyo time)
  • Online and on site: Centre des colloques - Campus Condorcet Place du Front populaire, 93300 Aubervilliers
  • In English
  • Speakers: Rachid Alami (CNRS), Dominique Argoud (Paris-Est Créteil University), Suzanne Brucksch (DIJ Tokyo), Pascal Dreyer (Leroy Merlin Source), Olivier Giraud (CNRS, CNAM), Anne-Marie Guillemard (University of Paris Cité), Christophe Humbert (Strasbourg University), Takamasa Iio (Doshisha University), Armelle Klein (Sciences Po), Jun Kurihara (The Canon Institute for Global Studies), Sébastien Lechevalier (EHESS-FFJ), Claude Martin (CNRS, EHESP), Pascale Molinier (Université Sorbonne Paris Nord), Anne-Sophie Rigaud (Université Paris Cité and AP-HP), Jean-Marie Robine (INED, INSERM, EPHE), Ludovic Saint-Bauzel (Sorbonne University), Hélène Sauzéon (Bordeaux University), Katsunori Shimohara (Doshisha University), Taro Sugihara (Tokyo Institute of Technology), Yuko Tamaki (EHESS-ENS/CNRS), Simeng Wang (CNRS)
With the support of the Maison des Sciences de l'Homme Paris Nord, the Campus Condorcet and the Toshiba International Foundation (TIFO).

6 décembre 2022

Variety of Financialization and Central Banks

FFJ-Banque de France Workshop

This workshop examines the links between the types of financialization and politics associated with monetary policy choices of central banks. The shape of financialization, where expanding size and importance of financial sector in the overall economy among the wealthy countries, varies among countries. Such variation arises from multiple sources including the institutional differences, interaction between the financial sector and non-financial corporations, as well as choice of household finances. Central banks’ monetary policy, particularly its asset purchase decisions takes into consideration of politics of financialization as well as the opposite forces demanding correcting income inequality. By comparing the cases of Japan with European economies, the project seeks to identify how central bank policies are affected by the different types of financialization and distribution/redistribution considerations.

The workshop gathers European experts on financialization and central banking. We will investigate the relationship between the type of financialization and how asset purchases have been conducted by national central banks and the European Central Banks during the recession of the 2010s and under the Covid crisis. At the same time, such support for the “haves” also leads to political backlash and calls for more serious distribution and redistribution policies.

The event will provide an opportunity to present the findings on the Does Inequality Matter? report for Japan and stimulate discussion on what are the perceptions, definitions and experiences of inequality in Japan. This discussion will be supported by the most recent data on inequality in income and wealth from the OECD Income and Wealth Distribution Databases and by research from JILPT.

  • 6 December 2022 | 14.30 - 16.30 (Paris Time)
  • On site: EHESS, 54 boulevard Raspail 75006 Paris, Room n°BS1_05
  • In English
  • Speakers: Gabrielle Cheung (Brunel University London), Jeffrey Chwieroth (LSE), Saori Katada (the University of South California, FFJ-EHESS), Sébastien Lechevalier (FFJ-EHESS), Manuela Moschella (Scuola Normale Superiore), Matthias Thiermann (Science Po)
With the support of the Center for International Studies of the University of Southern California.

1-2 décembre 2022

International Symposium on Compliance for Algorithmic Law (SCALGO 2022)

Air Liquide/FFJ Workshop

Along with advances of artificial intelligence into society, a situation has emerged in which artificial intelligence is closely related to the real world and legal and ethical problems caused by artificial intelligence naturally occur. In particular, AI systems by which governments replace human officials (we call here “algorithmic law”) receives a critical concern since these decisions made by the AI system will be legally effective to enforce people. Along with frequent uses of such AI systems, algorithmic law will become a great matter for civil rights. Therefore, civil control of algorithmic law should be prepared urgently. To solve these problems, we request governments to expose program source of such AI systems to the public. However, there is a serious technical problem about this check of algorithmic law. Currently, analysis of software code is done manually. However, according to increasing number of such software, it would be very difficult to find a problem by human. For this reason, automatic compliance check of legal and ethical norms for algorithmic law should be investigated. In this symposium, we are discussing how we automate compliance check of norms for algorithmic law with interdisciplinary researchers from computer science, AI, standardization, law and ethics. The topics includes but not limited to:(1) Automatic mechanisms for compliance check of algorithmic law(2) How to extract information related with compliance from program source of algorithmic law(3) How to formalize abstract compliance norms.

  • 1 December 2022 | 13.00 - 19.00 (Paris Time), 21.00 - 3.00 (+1) (Tokyo time)
    2 December 2022 | 9.00 - 13.00 (Paris Time), 17.00 - 21.00 (Tokyo time)
  • Online and onsite: Bâtiment de recherche sud - Campus Condorcet 5, cours des Humanités 93300 Aubervilliers
  • In English
  • Speakers: Pablo Baquero (HEC), Georg Borgess (Saaland University), Gauvain Bourgne (Sorbonne University), Randy Goebel (University of Alberta), Raphael Gyori (Université Libre de Bruxelles), Joost Joosten (University of Barcelona), Anelia Kurteva (University of Delft), Gregory Lewkowicz (Université Libre de Bruxelles), Hugo Lopez (Technical University of Denmark), David Restrepo Amariles (HEC Paris), Ken Satoh (National Institute of Informatics), Bart Verheij (University of Groningen)
With the support of Air Liquide and the National Institute of Informatics.

30 novembre 2022

INNOVCARE - 2nd cycle of webinars

Webinar n°2

Rising life expectancy and ageing populations are a major challenge for our societies. A key issue is care for elderly people who are experiencing a loss of autonomy. While the contribution of technology in this field (especially robotics, artificial intelligence, and information and communication technology) is recognised as a solution, this contribution is also defined by certain limitations, now partly revealed by the COVID-19 crisis. Our hypothesis is that this is a structural problem related to the partial disconnect between social needs and technological solutions, itself tied to the dominant paradigm of innovation. Our project’s objective is to develop an alternative concept called care-driven innovation. Thanks to a multidisciplinary French- Japanese collaboration, we will thus analyse the policies and practices that put well-being at the centre of innovation.

  • 30 November 2022 | 9.00 - 11.00 (Paris time), 17.00 - 19.00 (Tokyo time)
  • Online
  • In English
  • Speakers: Quitterie Roquebert (Strasbourg University), Yasuhiro Nakanishi (Nara Medical University)

25 novembre 2022

Le temps de la grande piraterie japonaise

Transformation des circulations maritimes en mer de Chine orientale, 1350-1419

Conférence du lauréat 2022 du Prix Shibusawa Claudel

Jusqu’alors dominée par l’activité des marchands chinois — à tel point d’ailleurs que la période s’étalant du ixe au milieu du xive siècle soit parfois qualifiée de « temps des marchands chinois » —, la mer de Chine orientale fut plongée à partir de 1350 dans une profonde crise déclenchée par l’irruption soudaine de groupes de pirates émanant de l’archipel japonais. Organisés en flottes rassemblant bien souvent plusieurs centaines de navires et milliers d’individus qui écumaient année après année les côtes coréennes et chinoises, ces pirates devinrent dans la seconde moitié du xive siècle et début du xve siècle les principaux acteurs des circulations humaines et matérielles dans l’espace maritime est-asiatique. À la fois symptôme de la déliquescence des systèmes politiques et socioéconomiques et facteur aggravant de cette instabilité générale, ces flottes déferlèrent de façon quasi ininterrompue sur les littoraux du continent jusqu’à leur déclin abrupt dans les années 1420, sous l’effet combiné de l’action militaire coréenne et chinoise mais aussi de nouvelles stratégies diplomatiques et économiques mises en place par les pouvoirs continentaux. La présente thèse de doctorat se propose de jeter un éclairage nouveau sur ce pan d’histoire de la mer de Chine orientale en expliquant en quoi la période 1350-1419, que nous avons baptisée le « temps de la grande piraterie japonaise », se démarque du « temps des marchands chinois » qui l’a précédé du point de vue du fonctionnement général des circulations maritimes, qu’elles soient humaines, matérielles ou encore techniques, et dans quelle mesure la piraterie fut partie prenante de ces changements.

Le Prix Shibusawa Claudel, créé en 1984 en hommage à Eiichi Shibusawa et à Paul Claudel, récompense chaque année deux textes de haut niveau en sciences humaines et sociales ou sciences exactes, l’un rédigé en français sur le Japon et l’autre rédigé en japonais sur la France. La Fondation France-Japon de l’EHESS et la Maison franco-japonaise, co-organisatrices du volet français, inviteront le lauréat de l’édition 2022, Damien Peladan à venir présenter son travail devant le grand public.

  • 25 novembre 2022 | 17.30 - 19.00 (Paris time)
  • Sur place à la Maison de la culture du Japon à Paris : 101 bis quai Jacques Chirac 75015 Paris
  • En français
  • Conférencier : Damien Peladan est docteur en Histoire de l’Asie orientale de l’université Paris Cité et maître de conférences en études coréennes à l’université Bordeaux Montaigne (D2IA : Dynamiques, Interactions, Interculturalité Asiatiques - UMRU 24140). Ses recherches portent sur l’histoire maritime de l’Asie orientale à l’époque médiévale, et en particulier à la question de la piraterie japonaise en mer de Chine orientale aux xive et xve siècles.

7 novembre 2022

Connecting Africa and Asia. Afrasia As a Benign Community

Roundtable on the new book Connecting Africa and Asia. Afrasia As a Benign Community (Routledge, 2022) with the author Yoichi Mine (Doshisha University, Kyoto)

By the 22nd century, according to current demographic projections, African and Asian societies will constitute more than 80% of the world's population, in roughly equal proportion. Yoichi Mine, Professor of Global Studies at Kyoto Doshisha University, discusses these projections and puts them in historical perspective in order to conceive the conditions of existence of a semi-global entity, designated as Afrasia. If the history bears witness to numerous forms of exchange of commodities and ideas between these two regions of the world, notably through the values and norms of Islam, it remains to conceive the conditions for the continuation of multilateral, inter-religious and inter-linguistic dialogues that will allow for the continuation of an "inoffensive community", in its internal evolutions and in its relation with the rest of the world.

After an introduction by the author, the discussion will be conducted in English. The analyses and proposals of the book will be commented by Kae Amo (Kyoto Seika University, CAACCS) (TBC), Mohamed Belhadj (EHESS, CCJ-CéSor), Eloi Ficquet (EHESS, CéSor), Sakiko Nakao (Kyoto Seika University, CAACCS), Yana Pak (EHESS, CETOBAC), and Mayuko Yamamoto (EHESS, CESPRA). The CAACCS team will be participating by videoconference.

  • 7 November 2022 | 10.30 - 12.30 (Paris time), 18.30 - 20.30 (Tokyo time)
  • Onsite: Campus Condorcet - Centre de colloques (Room n°3.03, 3rd floor) - Place du Front populaire 93300 Aubervilliers
  • In English
  • Participants: Kae Amo (Kyoto Seika University, CAACCS) (TBC), Mohamed Belhadj (EHESS, CCJ-CéSor), Eloi Ficquet (EHESS, CéSor), Yoichi Mine (Doshisha University), Sakiko Nakao (Kyoto Seika University, CAACCS), Yana Pak (EHESS, CETOBAC), Mayuko Yamamoto (EHESS, CESPRA)
That event is organized by the Fondation France-Japon de l’EHESS (FFJ) and the Center for Africa-Asia Contemporary Culture Studies (CAACCS) of Kyoto Seika University, in the framework of the research group "Seeing the world in ‘triangulation".

This roundtable is organized in connection with the international conference “Knowledge and Know-How Situated: Humanities and Social Sciences and the World” held at Campus Condorcet, 2022 Nov. 8-10. To see the program click here.

22 septembre 2022

INNOVCARE - 2nd cycle of webinars

Webinar n°1

Rising life expectancy and ageing populations are a major challenge for our societies. A key issue is care for elderly people who are experiencing a loss of autonomy. While the contribution of technology in this field (especially robotics, artificial intelligence, and information and communication technology) is recognised as a solution, this contribution is also defined by certain limitations, now partly revealed by the COVID-19 crisis. Our hypothesis is that this is a structural problem related to the partial disconnect between social needs and technological solutions, itself tied to the dominant paradigm of innovation. Our project’s objective is to develop an alternative concept called care-driven innovation. Thanks to a multidisciplinary French- Japanese collaboration, we will thus analyse the policies and practices that put well-being at the centre of innovation.

  • 22 September 2022 | 9.00 - 11.00 (Paris time), 16.00 - 18.00 (Tokyo time)
  • Online
  • In English
  • Speakers: Ludovic Saint-Bauzel (Sorbonne University), Taro Sugihara (School of Environment and Society, Tokyo Institute of Technology)

17 septembre 2022

Patrimoine durable au Campus Condorcet

Journées européennes du patrimoine 2022

Samedi 17 septembre 2022, le Campus Condorcet participe aux Journées européennes du patrimoine (JEP) pour la 3e année consécutive. Au travers de visites guidées, d’ateliers créatifs pour les enfants, d’un jeu de piste et d’un pique-nique musical, point d’orgue de la journée, le Campus vous propose d’explorer la thématique de cette édition 2022 des JEP : « Patrimoine durable ». La FFJ a notamment participé à l'élaboration du jeu de piste qui propose découvrir des projets de laboratoires de recherche hébergés au Campus Condorcet, dont celui sur les Jeux Olympiques et les Villes Globales.

  • 17 septembre 2022 | 10.00 - 16.00 (Paris time)
  • On site: Campus Condorcet, Cours des Humanités, 93300 Aubervilliers (France)
  • En français
  • En collaboration avec le Campus Condorcet et ses établissements membres

16 septembre 2022

Digital Learning in School Education Perspectives from Japan, France, and Germany

French-German Dialogue on Japan III

During the pandemic, remote learning at home suddenly became a reality for schoolchildren across the world. However, it also showed the shortcomings educational institutions still face when it comes to digitization. Despite given deficiencies and substantial backlogs in many areas, the digital transformation of learning in educational facilities on all levels is unstoppable. It will have a fundamental impact on the transfer of knowledge and on the meaning of education itself. Next to considerable technical challenges, the digitization of learning will also imply social effects. Policy makers and experts in the field of education are in charge of designing, organizing and implementing the change. The work of school directors and teachers will be significantly affected, and, of course and most of all, the pupils themselves with their individual approaches to learning. The future of our societies is at stake.

This international symposium will bring together perspectives on digital learning in school education from three countries, namely Japan, France, and Germany, in the following three areas:

  • The academic perspective: Assessing benefits and disadvantages of, in particular, social aspects of digital learning (Panel)
  • The policy maker perspective on governmental strategies: How is the digital transformation of learning and school education on all levels currently being organized and what will be developments in the near future (Roundtable)
  • The “user” perspective: Experiences and concerns in practically applying tools of digital learning (Roundtable)

As the third edition of the “French-German Dialogue on Japan”, this symposium is jointly organized by the Japanese-German Center Berlin (JDZB) and the France-Japan Foundation of the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), Paris. Conference language is English. The event will take place on site at the JDZB, Saargemünder Str. 2, 14195 Berlin.

  • 16 September 2022 | 9.00 - 16.30 (Paris time)
  • On site: Japanese-German Center Berlin, Saargemuender Str. 2, 14195 Berlin (Germany)
  • In English
  • Speakers: Kotaro Komatsu (University of Tsukuba), Pascale Haag (EHESS), Johanna Gold (Bielefeld University), Nady El-Hoyek (MESR), Sébastien Lechevalier (FFJ), Marlène Martin (Lab School Paris), Sébastian Schmidt (Neu-Ulm - Pfuhl), Werner Pascha (JDZB)
  • Co-organized with Japanese-German Center Berlin (JDZB)

18 juillet 2022

Intelligence augmentation and amplification plus society 2022

2022 IAASOC International Forum

Our international forum aims at creating an innovative dialogue to explore new research issues and methodology for future symbiotic society with artificial intelligence. It involves researchers working on a wide array of topics and disciplines, in particular in the field of social sciences and humanity (SSH) and of computer/engineering sciences (CS/ES), revolving around artificial intelligence. The 35 participants, coming from Japan, Germany and France, will be divided into three theme panels to discuss the designated topics and draw the goals and its roadmaps for future society with scientific, technical, ethical and humanity challenges. Taking place over 3 days, the forum will start with a conference open to the public on July 18 and will alternate closed panel working meetings and plenary sessions.

  • 18 July 2022 | 9.00 - 17.00 (Paris time)
  • On site: GED Open Space, Campus Condorcet, 10 cours des Humanités 93300 Aubervilliers (France)
  • In English
  • Speakers: Katsumi Emura (NEC Corporation, AIP Network Lab), Romain Huret (EHESS), Solène Marié (INSHS), Takahiro Ohno (Premier Secrétaire of Ambassade du Japon en France), Sébastien Lechevalier (EHESS-FFJ-CCJ), Kenji Mase (Nagoya University), Catherine Pelachaud (CNRS), Masahiko Inami (The University of Tokyo), Koichiro Eto (National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Jean-Pierre Nadal (EHESS), Takufumi Yanagisawa (Osaka University), Minoru Etoh (Osaka University), Isao Echizen (National Institute of Informatics), Vanessa Nurock (Côte d’Azur University), Akiko Aizawa (National Institute of Informatics), Corinne Fredouille (LIA, Université d’Avignon), Minao Kukita (Nagoya University), Nicolas Obin (IRCAM, Sorbonne Université), Yukiko Nakano (Seikei University)
  • Co-organized with CNRS, EHESS, JST
  • Supported by Campus Condorcet, FMSH

13 juillet 2022

Diversity of capitalisms and systems of innovation

2022 CTSH Meeting

This conference will discuss issues on the politics of innovation and their transformation with the specificity of reflecting these in relations with the diversity of contemporary political economies and their relations to globalization.

This event is organized in the framework of the first annual meeting of the Euro-Asian research team - Capitalisms, technologies, societies and Health, to be held from July 7th to July 13th 2022, followed by two others in 2023 and 2024. The general goal of the project is to revisit the relations between technologies and societies by focusing on health issues. This annual meeting, bringing together the project’s research team on the Condorcet Campus, should help to communicate the team’s work to a wider public, strengthen collaborations within the research project, report on the first results and set the next steps.

  • 13 July 2022 | 15.30 - 18.00 (Paris time)
  • On site: Centre des Colloques – Salle 100 Campus Condorcet - Place du Front populaire, 93300 Aubervilliers (France)
  • In English
  • Speakers: Robert Boyer (EHESS), Keun Lee (Seoul National University), Cornelia Storz (Goethe Universität), Yves Tiberghien (The University of British Columbia)
  • Chairs: Sébastien Lechevalier (CCJ-FFJ-EHESS), Jean-Paul Gaudillière (Cermes3-EHESS)
  • Co-organized by FFJ, Cermes3, CAK, CCJ, GIS Asie, and IFRIS.

12 juillet 2022

Science and Technology Studies in Asia

2022 CTSH Meeting

Three issues are worth mentioning as they illustrate these divergent paths and should be the focus of a discussion about their origins and their consequences. First, STS scholars in Asia include in their analysis concerns about the long-term history of knowledge and technology in the region. Second, they have launched important projects mobilizing history to investigate the transformation of non-Western forms of knowledge. Third, Asian STS resonates with the more general trend toward studies of global circulations but tends to build upon a broader understanding of governance and regulation.

Beyond the obvious need for a discussion about the validity and limits of such a description, the panel we seek to organize aims at identifying frontier themes and theoretical tools deemed important to problematize “the” global, its relations to local practices and policies, the multiple/alternative modes of innovation and intervention it entails.

This event is organised in the framework of the first annual meeting of the Euro-Asian research team - Capitalisms, technologies, societies and Health, to be held from July 7th to July 13th 2022, followed by two others in 2023 and 2024. The general goal of the project is to revisit the relations between technologies and societies by focusing on health issues. This annual meeting, bringing together the project's research team on the Condorcet Campus, should help to communicate the team's work to a wider public, strengthen collaborations within the research project, report on the first results and set the next steps.

  • 12 July 2022 | 14.00 - 16.00 (Paris time)
  • On site: Centre des Colloques – Salle 100 Campus Condorcet - Place du Front populaire, 93300 Aubervilliers (France)
  • In English
  • Speakers: Naonori Kodate (University College Dublin), Wen-Hua Kuo (National Yang-Ming University), Harilal Madhavan (Indian Institute of Science Education and Research – Thiruvananthapuram), Makiko Matsuo (The University of Tokyo, IFI)
  • Chairs: Jean-Paul Gaudillière (Cermes3-EHESS)
  • Co-organized by FFJ, Cermes3, CAK, CCJ, GIS Asie, and IFRIS.

11 juillet 2022

Betting on the farm - Institutional change in Japanese agriculture

Book talk with Patricia L. Maclachlan , Professor and Co-author of the book (Department of Government, The University of Texas at Austin)

Japan Agricultural Cooperatives (JA), a nationwide network of farm cooperatives, is under increasing pressure to expand farmer incomes by adapting coop strategies to changing market incentives. Some coops have adapted more successfully than others. In Betting on the Farm, Patricia L. Maclachlan and Kay Shimizu attribute these differences to three sets of local variables: resource endowments and product-specific market conditions, coop leadership, and the organization of farmer-members behind new coop strategies. Using in-depth case studies and profiles of different types of farmers, Betting on the Farm also explores the evolution of the formal and informal institutional foundations of postwar agriculture; the electoral sources of JA's influence; the interactive effects of economic liberalization and demographic pressures (an aging farm population and acute shortage of farm successors) on the propensity for change within the farm sector; and the diversification of Japan's traditional farm households and the implications for farmer ties with JA.

  • 11 July 2022 | 18.30 - 20.30 (Paris time)
  • Onsite and online - In English
  • Room 481C, Grands Moulins building, Université Paris Cité, 5 rue Thomas Mann 75013 Paris (France)
  • Discussants: Yves Tiberghien (The University of British Columbia), Hugh Whittaker (University of Oxford)
  • Chair: Arnaud Grivaud (Université Paris Cité)

5 juillet 2022

Public spaces of mobility in Paris, Tokyo and Buenos Aires

Design, management, and governance for a social and post-pandemic transition

Mobility plays an essential part in improving the quality of life and access to the city's opportunities. However, it contributes to and is affected by planetary emergencies, such as environmental and health crises. Despite all measures adopted until now to reduce those risks, it’s now clear that international agreements about climate change will not be met on time.Therefore, cities' spatial organization, technology, and a better understanding of the societal construction and regulation of behaviour must be addressed differently. Three global metropolises, such as Tokyo, Paris, and Buenos Aires, offer contrasting realities. They have specific patterns in space, demographics, cultural attitudes, socioeconomic situations, and institutional organization. But they are also affected by global cycles and health crises, like the last pandemic, from which some common lessons can be learnt. Greener, socially inclusive, and more intelligent urban development,should come faster, undoubtedly creating newconflicts in the short term. But apublic conversation, including a multidisciplinary approach to achieve an effective change in space design and management, behaviours and the adoption of new technologies, could offer an achievable roadmap for a different social organization of urban mobility

  • 5 July 2022 | 10.00 - 16.30 (Paris time)
  • Online - In English
  • With the participation of Natacha Aveline-Dubach (CNRS, Géographie-cités), Andrés Borthagaray (2022 FFJ/Michelin Foundation fellow), Yo Kaminagai (RATP), Paul Lécroart (Institut Paris Région)...
  • Opening remarks: Sébastien Lechevalier (FFJ-EHESS), Pierre-Edouard Sorel (Michelin)

20-22 avril 2022

Judiciarisation des enjeux sociaux et environnementaux ? - Enjeux et opportunités

La transformation de conflit en litige dans des domaines jusqu’alors peu soumis à l’intervention du juge est une tendance observée depuis plusieurs décennies en France et au Japon comme l’indique l’utilisation de plus en plus fréquente du terme « judiciarisation ». Bien que cette notion fasse l’objet de différentes définitions théoriques et applications empiriques, elle pose aussi la question de savoir si l’on assiste à une convergence des pratiques dans le sens d’une « américanisation » ou bien à un maintien des spécificités nationales. Ce colloque s’inscrit dans la continuité de la série de webinaires organisée sur le même thème en 2021 à l’IFRJ-MFJ. Il vise à montrer l’évolution du rôle du droit et de la justice dans ces deux sociétés par la mise en évidence de la pluralité du phénomène de « judiciarisation ». L’analyse de l’usage du droit est complétée par la présentation des actions déployées en amont de la « judiciarisation » pour faire face à l’hétérogénéité des « nouveaux » risques.

  • 20-22 avril 2022
  • En ligne - Français et japonais (traduction simultanée)
  • Organisation : IFRJ-MFJ
  • Co-organisation : Institut de science sociale de l'université de Tokyo et Fondation France-Japon de l’EHESS
  • Parrainage : Ambassade de France au Japon/IFJ
  • Soutien : Fondation Nomura

10 - 12 mars 2022

Perspectives franco-japonaises sur le handicap : Politiques et participation sociale

Les transition démographique et épidémiologique que connaissent les pays du Nord mettent au premier plan de la recherche la question du handicap, qu’il soit lié au vieillissement, aux maladies chroniques, aux accidents de la vie ou à la naissance. Dans le champ des sciences sociales, ce domaine a connu un essor considérable depuis les années 1980, mais sa visibilité internationale reste fortement dominée par les pays anglo-saxons et l’approche des (critical)disability studies. Au Japon et en France, comme dans d’autres pays d’Asie et d’Europe, des travaux se sont développés à partir de la même période mais, à ce jour, les comparaisons et collaborations entre les deux pays sont peu nombreuses. Pourtant, les situations japonaise et française présentent à la fois des similitudes et des différences dont l’analyse permettrait d’éclairer les transformations récentes du traitement social du handicap et celles à engager dans l’avenir afin de faire face aux défis démographiques, dans le respect des droits et de la citoyenneté des personnes.

Dans le domaine des politiques sociales les deux pays sont marqués par l’héritage historique du welfare state, une approche hygiéniste des populations, et connaissent aujourd’hui une transition vers les politiques d’inclusion et de lutte contre les discriminations insufflées par la voie supranationale, avec en particulier la Convention relative aux droits des personnes handicapées de l’ONU, ratifié par le Japon en 2014 et par la France en 2010. Ces deux orientations des politiques sociales, avec d’un côté, des protections et droits spécifiques (comme les quotas d’emploi de personnes handicapées instaurés au Japon comme en France), et de l’autre, une incitation pressante à l’inclusion et au recours au droit commun, sont souvent appréhendées, y compris par certains analystes des politiques publiques, comme étant peu conciliables. De leur côté, les collectifs de personnes handicapées dénoncent le paternalisme et l’oppression associés aux politiques et au traitement ségrégués du handicap. Leurs mobilisations ont largement contribué au mouvement actuel de désinstitutionalisation de l’éducation spécialisée avec toutefois des configurations différentes dans les deux pays. Les sciences sociales sont un outil essentiel pour comprendre ces changements. Elles contribuent à analyser comment ces évolutions impactent les expériences quotidiennes et les parcours de vie des personnes handicapées sur le long terme, et à évaluer l'efficacité des politiques visant à promouvoir l'inclusion et la participation sociale.

Ce séminaire vise à réunir des chercheurs français et japonais travaillant sur les questions liées au handicap qui ont eu à ce jour très peu d'opportunités d'échanges académiques. Il s’agit d’une première étape dans l’objectif de la création d’un réseau académique franco-japonais.

  • Comité d'organisation : Isabelle Ville (Sociologue, Directrice de recherche à l’INSERM, Directrice d’études à l’EHESS Paris), Anne-Lise Mithout (Sociologue, Maîtresse de conférence en études japonaises, Université de Paris, CRCAO), Ivanka Guillaume (Doctorante en sociologie, Inalco, IFRAE)
  • 10-12 March 2022 - 8.30 - 14.00 (Paris time) | 15.30 - 21.00 (Tokyo time)
  • En ligne - En français et japonais
  • Contact: francejapands@sciencesconf.org

8 mars 2022

Quo Vadis? Monetary and Fiscal Interactions Revisited

The age-old problem of how monetary and fiscal policy should interact has resurfaced around the globe. In an era where fiscal policy was seemingly passive, and monetary policy was given pride of place to achieve business cycle stabilization, coordination problems between fiscal and monetary authorities was largely set aside.

The series of financial crises in the advanced economies in the 2000s, and the ongoing COVID-19 crisis, have combined to raise old questions in a new setting. Governments appear reluctant, at least in the short to medium-term, to follow budget constraint rules and debt sustainability criteria. Central banks continue to argue that ultra-low interest rates, together with purchases of a wide variety of financial assets, deliver the needed monetary policy accommodation necessary for the aggregate economy to heal.

In this context, it is useful to revisit the question of monetary-fiscal interactions. The relevant issues go beyond responding to various economic shocks, how monetary policy ought to be conducted, and the stance of fiscal policy when growth is sluggish and interest rates are likely to remain depressed for some time. There are also governance or institutional questions to be considered since simplistic notions of central bank independence no longer describe the environment of the past several years. Indeed, existing monetary policy strategies are also called into question. Relevant historical evidence can also be useful. Finally, there is the issue of how autonomous institutions within government communicate policies in a credible manner.

  • Introduction and chair: Sébastien Lechevalier (FFJ-EHESS)
  • Speakers: Kai Arvai (Research Economist, Banque de France), Claudio Borio (Head of the Monetary and Economic Department, Bank for International Settlements), Georgios Chortareas (Professor, King’s College London), Sebastian Diessner (Assistant Professor, Leiden University / Visiting fellow, London School of Economics), Paul Hubert (Research Economist, Banque de France/Science Po), Donato Masciandaro (Professor, Bocconi University), Warwick McKibbin (Australian National University), Jouchi Nakajima (Senior Economist, Bank of Japan), Jonathan Ostry (Deputy Director of the Asia and Pacific Department, International Monetary Fund), Maria Sole Pagliari (Research Economist, Banque de France), Pierre Siklos (Professor, Wilfrid Laurier University / 2021 FFJ/Banque de France fellow), Guido Traficante (Assistant Professor, Università Europea di Roma), Masazumi Wakatabe (Deputy-Governor, Bank of Japan)
  • 8 March 2022 - 9.00 - 18.00 (Paris time) | 17.00 - 2.00 (Tokyo time)
  • Online - In English
  • Contact: events_ffj@ehess.fr

18 février 2022

The Role of Art in Advanced Technology

The world is changing rapidly with technology. One of the latest technologies to drive such changes would be Artificial Intelligence (AI). The progress of AI is accelerating day by day and has already surpassed human capabilities in various areas. However, on the other hand, it seems that society is not yet ready to accept such rapidly accelerating technology. Under such circumstances, art is attracting attention to foresee the changes caused by advanced technology and make them understandable to people. In this symposium, titled "The Role of Art in Advanced Technology" we will have presentations and discussions by artists creating artworks using advanced technology and by researchers who are thinking about the relationship between advanced technology and art.

  • Introduction and discussants: Koichiro Eto (2021 FFJ/Air Liquide fellow, AIST), Jean-Yves Iatrides (Air liquide), Sébastien Lechevalier (FFJ-EHESS)
  • Speakers: Gérard Assayag (IRCAM), Alexandre Gefen (CNRS), Magali Martin-Mazauric (INRIA), Jean-Pierre Merlet (INRIA), Lionel Obadia (University of Lyon 2), Biin Shen (Artist), Nao Tokui (Keio University)
  • 18 February 2022 - 9.00 - 12.45 (Paris time) | 17.00 - 20.45 (Tokyo time)
  • Online - In English
  • Contact: events_ffj@ehess.fr

26-27 janvier 2022 – Organisé par la MFJ-IFRJ

Justice & Interest / Judicialization

The International Workshop “Justice & Interest / Judicialization” is organized by the French Institute of Research on Japan (Institut français de recherche sur le Japon, UMIFRE 19, CNRS, MEAE) at the Maison franco-japonaise in cooperation with the program “Justice and Interest” (InSHS, CNRS, field: economic philosophy) and the program “Judicialization of social and environmental issues in France and Japan” (IFRJ-MFJ, FFJ at EHESS and Tokyo University, Institute for Social Sciences).

Day one - Justice & Interest – fundamental notions

Day two / Part I - Judicialization, Governance and Democracy
Day two / Part II - Law, Environment & Social Justice

  • Introduction and discussants: Gilles Campagnolo (CNRS, IFRJ), Adrienne Sala (IFRJ)
  • Speakers: Miriam Teschl (EHESS, Aix-Marseille University), Kate Vendrenburgh (London School of Economics), Clarisse Valmalette (Aix-Marseille University), Léa Antonicelli (IEP Paris, Università degli studi di Padova), Romain Micalef (Aix-Marseille University), Rieko Kage (University of Tokyo), Timothy Webster (Western New England University), Celeste Arrington (The George Washington University), Benoît Lopez (University Versailles Saint Quentin en Yvelines – University Paris Saclay), Isabelle Giraudou (University of Tokyo), Imane Nya (University Mohamed V), Raphael Languillon (IFRJ-MFJ), Makiko Yoshioka (University Paris 8)
  • 26-27 January 2022 - 0.30-2.30, 9.00-12.00 (French time) | 8.30-10.30, 17.00-20.00 (Japan time)
  • Online - In English
  • Contact: events_ffj@ehess.fr

20-21 janvier 2022

Cycling through gendered lives: exploring the link between structural gender inequalities, gender norms and mobility practices in Japan and beyond

Women remain strongly underrepresented among cyclists in Western cities (Pucher, John; Buehler, Ralph 2012). Past studies exploring barriers to women cycling have reached two conclusions. First, women would not cycle as much as men because they would be more risk-averse ; second, unequally shared domestic responsibilities would make their mobilities too complex to cycle (Ravensbergen, Léa; Buliung, Ron; Laliberté, Nicole 2019). Women would thus be more likely to cycle where secured infrastructure is provided, and where domestic tasks are equally shared between men and women (Prati, Gabriele; Fraboni, Federico; De Angelis, Marco; Pietrantoni, Luca; Johnson, Daniel; Shires, Jeremy 2019). However, these widely accepted results, based on concurring Western studies, do not hold in the context of Tokyo.

In Tokyo, women represent the majority (57%) of cyclists (Goel, Rahul; Goodman, Anna; Aldred, Rachel; Nakamura, Ryota; Tatah, Lambed; Garcia, Leandro Martin Totaro; Zapata-Diomedi, Belen; de Sa, Thiago Herick; Tiwari, Geetam; de Nazelle, Audrey; Tainio, Marko; Buehler, Ralph; Götschi, Thomas; Woodcock, James 2021) and cycling is overwhelmingly used for household-serving trips (TMATPC, 2018). Yet, Japan is marked by strong gender inequalities: Japanese women spend on average 23 hours per week on care and household chores, while men only spend 5 hours on these tasks (Cabinet Cabinet Office; Gender Equality Bureau 2016). Japanese women also face the largest wage gap in the world, and lack of welfare state support still encourages a lot of them to quit their job when they have a child (Shirahase, Sawako 2014). This case points to the complex links between women’s mobilities and their position in society.

This workshop will explore the link between structural gender inequalities, cultural gender norms, and women’s bicycling practices. Research works from around the world will be confronted to the “critical case” (Flyvbjerg, Bent 2006) of Tokyo to identify ways forward for research on gender and cycling. To accommodate researchers from several different countries, and given the ongoing travel uncertainties associated with the COVID-19 pandemic, this workshop will be held online.

  • Introductions and chair: Marion Lagadic (2021 FFJ/Michelin Foundation fellow, University of Oxford), Sébastien Lechevalier (FFJ-EHESS), Pierre-Édouard Sorel (Director of Movin'On Development, Michelin)
  • Speakers: Nihan Akyelken (University of Oxford), Margot Abord de Chatillon (University of Lyon), Marion Lagadic (2021 FFJ/Michelin Foundation fellow, University of Oxford), Kazuki Nakamura (Meijo University), Lena Näre (University of Helsinki), Chigusa Yamaura (University of Oxford)
  • 20-21 January 2022 - 10.00 - 12.45 (French time) | 18.00 - 20.45 (Japan time)
  • Online - In English
  • Contact: events_ffj@ehess.fr

17 janvier 2022

"New capitalism", redistribution, and industrial policies: Shall we expect a major turn in economic policies under Prime Minister Kishida?

During the campaign for the general election for the renewal of the House of Representatives in October 2021, Prime Minister Fumio Kishida has advocated his vision of "new capitalism" that ought to be promoted in Japan. In short, this implies - though the notion still needs clarifying and is currently discussed within several government bodies - to implement a new regime of growth through redistribution of income and wealth. At the same time, Prime Minister Kishida has emphasized the notion of economic security and appointed a minister in charge of this issue, Mr. Takayuki Kobayashi, in order to deal with problems related to supply chains, which have conspicuously arisen since the beginning of the COVID crisis. The response to a problem felt globally may lead to a revival of industrial policies. As a whole, the preliminary discussion on the new economic policies under Prime Minister Kishida seems to indicate a possible turn, especially with respect to Abenomics, which has aroused the interest of many circles across the world. How coherent are these economic policies? What are their goals? What are the chances that they are effectively implemented? By whom are they supported? Are they a proper answer to the new challenges faced by the Japanese economy in the post-COVID crisis context, when some inflationary pressures seem to be at work on the global scale? These are some of the questions that will be addressed by leading experts during this roundtable.

  • Discussant: Sébastien Lechevalier (FFJ-EHESS)
  • Speakers: Alicia Garcia Herrero (Natixis), Takeo Hoshi (The University of Tokyo), Shiro Okita (Embassy of Japan in France)
  • 17 January 2022 - 9.00 - 10.30 (French time) | 17.00 - 18.30 (Japan time)
  • Online - In English
  • Contact: events_ffj@ehess.fr