Événements 2022

2022 : ÉVÉNEMENTS PASSÉS


10 - 12 mars 2022

Perspectives franco-japonaises sur le handicap : Politiques et participation sociale

Les transition démographique et épidémiologique que connaissent les pays du Nord mettent au premier plan de la recherche la question du handicap, qu’il soit lié au vieillissement, aux maladies chroniques, aux accidents de la vie ou à la naissance. Dans le champ des sciences sociales, ce domaine a connu un essor considérable depuis les années 1980, mais sa visibilité internationale reste fortement dominée par les pays anglo-saxons et l’approche des (critical)disability studies. Au Japon et en France, comme dans d’autres pays d’Asie et d’Europe, des travaux se sont développés à partir de la même période mais, à ce jour, les comparaisons et collaborations entre les deux pays sont peu nombreuses. Pourtant, les situations japonaise et française présentent à la fois des similitudes et des différences dont l’analyse permettrait d’éclairer les transformations récentes du traitement social du handicap et celles à engager dans l’avenir afin de faire face aux défis démographiques, dans le respect des droits et de la citoyenneté des personnes.

Dans le domaine des politiques sociales les deux pays sont marqués par l’héritage historique du welfare state, une approche hygiéniste des populations, et connaissent aujourd’hui une transition vers les politiques d’inclusion et de lutte contre les discriminations insufflées par la voie supranationale, avec en particulier la Convention relative aux droits des personnes handicapées de l’ONU, ratifié par le Japon en 2014 et par la France en 2010. Ces deux orientations des politiques sociales, avec d’un côté, des protections et droits spécifiques (comme les quotas d’emploi de personnes handicapées instaurés au Japon comme en France), et de l’autre, une incitation pressante à l’inclusion et au recours au droit commun, sont souvent appréhendées, y compris par certains analystes des politiques publiques, comme étant peu conciliables. De leur côté, les collectifs de personnes handicapées dénoncent le paternalisme et l’oppression associés aux politiques et au traitement ségrégués du handicap. Leurs mobilisations ont largement contribué au mouvement actuel de désinstitutionalisation de l’éducation spécialisée avec toutefois des configurations différentes dans les deux pays. Les sciences sociales sont un outil essentiel pour comprendre ces changements. Elles contribuent à analyser comment ces évolutions impactent les expériences quotidiennes et les parcours de vie des personnes handicapées sur le long terme, et à évaluer l'efficacité des politiques visant à promouvoir l'inclusion et la participation sociale.

Ce séminaire vise à réunir des chercheurs français et japonais travaillant sur les questions liées au handicap qui ont eu à ce jour très peu d'opportunités d'échanges académiques. Il s’agit d’une première étape dans l’objectif de la création d’un réseau académique franco-japonais.

  • Comité d'organisation : Isabelle Ville (Sociologue, Directrice de recherche à l’INSERM, Directrice d’études à l’EHESS Paris), Anne-Lise Mithout (Sociologue, Maîtresse de conférence en études japonaises, Université de Paris, CRCAO), Ivanka Guillaume (Doctorante en sociologie, Inalco, IFRAE)
  • 10-12 March 2022 - 8.30 - 14.00 (Paris time) | 15.30 - 21.00 (Tokyo time)
  • En ligne - En français et japonais
  • Contact: francejapands@sciencesconf.org

8 mars 2022

Quo Vadis? Monetary and Fiscal Interactions Revisited

The age-old problem of how monetary and fiscal policy should interact has resurfaced around the globe. In an era where fiscal policy was seemingly passive, and monetary policy was given pride of place to achieve business cycle stabilization, coordination problems between fiscal and monetary authorities was largely set aside.

The series of financial crises in the advanced economies in the 2000s, and the ongoing COVID-19 crisis, have combined to raise old questions in a new setting. Governments appear reluctant, at least in the short to medium-term, to follow budget constraint rules and debt sustainability criteria. Central banks continue to argue that ultra-low interest rates, together with purchases of a wide variety of financial assets, deliver the needed monetary policy accommodation necessary for the aggregate economy to heal.

In this context, it is useful to revisit the question of monetary-fiscal interactions. The relevant issues go beyond responding to various economic shocks, how monetary policy ought to be conducted, and the stance of fiscal policy when growth is sluggish and interest rates are likely to remain depressed for some time. There are also governance or institutional questions to be considered since simplistic notions of central bank independence no longer describe the environment of the past several years. Indeed, existing monetary policy strategies are also called into question. Relevant historical evidence can also be useful. Finally, there is the issue of how autonomous institutions within government communicate policies in a credible manner.

  • Introduction and chair: Sébastien Lechevalier (FFJ-EHESS)
  • Speakers: Kai Arvai (Research Economist, Banque de France), Claudio Borio (Head of the Monetary and Economic Department, Bank for International Settlements), Georgios Chortareas (Professor, King’s College London), Sebastian Diessner (Assistant Professor, Leiden University / Visiting fellow, London School of Economics), Paul Hubert (Research Economist, Banque de France/Science Po), Donato Masciandaro (Professor, Bocconi University), Warwick McKibbin (Australian National University), Jouchi Nakajima (Senior Economist, Bank of Japan), Jonathan Ostry (Deputy Director of the Asia and Pacific Department, International Monetary Fund), Maria Sole Pagliari (Research Economist, Banque de France), Pierre Siklos (Professor, Wilfrid Laurier University / 2021 FFJ/Banque de France fellow), Guido Traficante (Assistant Professor, Università Europea di Roma), Masazumi Wakatabe (Deputy-Governor, Bank of Japan)
  • 8 March 2022 - 9.00 - 18.00 (Paris time) | 17.00 - 2.00 (Tokyo time)
  • Online - In English
  • Contact: events_ffj@ehess.fr

18 février 2022

The Role of Art in Advanced Technology

The world is changing rapidly with technology. One of the latest technologies to drive such changes would be Artificial Intelligence (AI). The progress of AI is accelerating day by day and has already surpassed human capabilities in various areas. However, on the other hand, it seems that society is not yet ready to accept such rapidly accelerating technology. Under such circumstances, art is attracting attention to foresee the changes caused by advanced technology and make them understandable to people. In this symposium, titled "The Role of Art in Advanced Technology" we will have presentations and discussions by artists creating artworks using advanced technology and by researchers who are thinking about the relationship between advanced technology and art.

  • Introduction and discussants: Koichiro Eto (2021 FFJ/Air Liquide fellow, AIST), Jean-Yves Iatrides (Air liquide), Sébastien Lechevalier (FFJ-EHESS)
  • Speakers: Gérard Assayag (IRCAM), Alexandre Gefen (CNRS), Magali Martin-Mazauric (INRIA), Jean-Pierre Merlet (INRIA), Lionel Obadia (University of Lyon 2), Biin Shen (Artist), Nao Tokui (Keio University)
  • 18 February 2022 - 9.00 - 12.45 (Paris time) | 17.00 - 20.45 (Tokyo time)
  • Online - In English
  • Contact: events_ffj@ehess.fr

26-27 janvier 2022 – Organisé par la MFJ-IFRJ

Justice & Interest / Judicialization

The International Workshop “Justice & Interest / Judicialization” is organized by the French Institute of Research on Japan (Institut français de recherche sur le Japon, UMIFRE 19, CNRS, MEAE) at the Maison franco-japonaise in cooperation with the program “Justice and Interest” (InSHS, CNRS, field: economic philosophy) and the program “Judicialization of social and environmental issues in France and Japan” (IFRJ-MFJ, FFJ at EHESS and Tokyo University, Institute for Social Sciences).

Day one - Justice & Interest – fundamental notions

Day two / Part I - Judicialization, Governance and Democracy
Day two / Part II - Law, Environment & Social Justice

  • Introduction and discussants: Gilles Campagnolo (CNRS, IFRJ), Adrienne Sala (IFRJ)
  • Speakers: Miriam Teschl (EHESS, Aix-Marseille University), Kate Vendrenburgh (London School of Economics), Clarisse Valmalette (Aix-Marseille University), Léa Antonicelli (IEP Paris, Università degli studi di Padova), Romain Micalef (Aix-Marseille University), Rieko Kage (University of Tokyo), Timothy Webster (Western New England University), Celeste Arrington (The George Washington University), Benoît Lopez (University Versailles Saint Quentin en Yvelines – University Paris Saclay), Isabelle Giraudou (University of Tokyo), Imane Nya (University Mohamed V), Raphael Languillon (IFRJ-MFJ), Makiko Yoshioka (University Paris 8)
  • 26-27 January 2022 - 0.30-2.30, 9.00-12.00 (French time) | 8.30-10.30, 17.00-20.00 (Japan time)
  • Online - In English
  • Contact: events_ffj@ehess.fr

20-21 janvier 2022

Cycling through gendered lives: exploring the link between structural gender inequalities, gender norms and mobility practices in Japan and beyond

Women remain strongly underrepresented among cyclists in Western cities (Pucher, John; Buehler, Ralph 2012). Past studies exploring barriers to women cycling have reached two conclusions. First, women would not cycle as much as men because they would be more risk-averse ; second, unequally shared domestic responsibilities would make their mobilities too complex to cycle (Ravensbergen, Léa; Buliung, Ron; Laliberté, Nicole 2019). Women would thus be more likely to cycle where secured infrastructure is provided, and where domestic tasks are equally shared between men and women (Prati, Gabriele; Fraboni, Federico; De Angelis, Marco; Pietrantoni, Luca; Johnson, Daniel; Shires, Jeremy 2019). However, these widely accepted results, based on concurring Western studies, do not hold in the context of Tokyo.

In Tokyo, women represent the majority (57%) of cyclists (Goel, Rahul; Goodman, Anna; Aldred, Rachel; Nakamura, Ryota; Tatah, Lambed; Garcia, Leandro Martin Totaro; Zapata-Diomedi, Belen; de Sa, Thiago Herick; Tiwari, Geetam; de Nazelle, Audrey; Tainio, Marko; Buehler, Ralph; Götschi, Thomas; Woodcock, James 2021) and cycling is overwhelmingly used for household-serving trips (TMATPC, 2018). Yet, Japan is marked by strong gender inequalities: Japanese women spend on average 23 hours per week on care and household chores, while men only spend 5 hours on these tasks (Cabinet Cabinet Office; Gender Equality Bureau 2016). Japanese women also face the largest wage gap in the world, and lack of welfare state support still encourages a lot of them to quit their job when they have a child (Shirahase, Sawako 2014). This case points to the complex links between women’s mobilities and their position in society.

This workshop will explore the link between structural gender inequalities, cultural gender norms, and women’s bicycling practices. Research works from around the world will be confronted to the “critical case” (Flyvbjerg, Bent 2006) of Tokyo to identify ways forward for research on gender and cycling. To accommodate researchers from several different countries, and given the ongoing travel uncertainties associated with the COVID-19 pandemic, this workshop will be held online.

  • Introductions and chair: Marion Lagadic (2021 FFJ/Michelin Foundation fellow, University of Oxford), Sébastien Lechevalier (FFJ-EHESS), Pierre-Édouard Sorel (Director of Movin'On Development, Michelin)
  • Speakers: Nihan Akyelken (University of Oxford), Margot Abord de Chatillon (University of Lyon), Marion Lagadic (2021 FFJ/Michelin Foundation fellow, University of Oxford), Kazuki Nakamura (Meijo University), Lena Näre (University of Helsinki), Chigusa Yamaura (University of Oxford)
  • 20-21 January 2022 - 10.00 - 12.45 (French time) | 18.00 - 20.45 (Japan time)
  • Online - In English
  • Contact: events_ffj@ehess.fr

17 janvier 2022

"New capitalism", redistribution, and industrial policies: Shall we expect a major turn in economic policies under Prime Minister Kishida?

During the campaign for the general election for the renewal of the House of Representatives in October 2021, Prime Minister Fumio Kishida has advocated his vision of "new capitalism" that ought to be promoted in Japan. In short, this implies - though the notion still needs clarifying and is currently discussed within several government bodies - to implement a new regime of growth through redistribution of income and wealth. At the same time, Prime Minister Kishida has emphasized the notion of economic security and appointed a minister in charge of this issue, Mr. Takayuki Kobayashi, in order to deal with problems related to supply chains, which have conspicuously arisen since the beginning of the COVID crisis. The response to a problem felt globally may lead to a revival of industrial policies. As a whole, the preliminary discussion on the new economic policies under Prime Minister Kishida seems to indicate a possible turn, especially with respect to Abenomics, which has aroused the interest of many circles across the world. How coherent are these economic policies? What are their goals? What are the chances that they are effectively implemented? By whom are they supported? Are they a proper answer to the new challenges faced by the Japanese economy in the post-COVID crisis context, when some inflationary pressures seem to be at work on the global scale? These are some of the questions that will be addressed by leading experts during this roundtable.

  • Discussant: Sébastien Lechevalier (FFJ-EHESS)
  • Speakers: Alicia Garcia Herrero (Natixis), Takeo Hoshi (The University of Tokyo), Shiro Okita (Embassy of Japan in France)
  • 17 January 2022 - 9.00 - 10.30 (French time) | 17.00 - 18.30 (Japan time)
  • Online - In English
  • Contact: events_ffj@ehess.fr